Adjectives and Adverbs 


Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. They answer the following questions: 

  • Which? 
    • We found the blue book. 
    • Which book? The blue one 
  • What kind of? 
    • The sharp metal edge cut my skin. 
    • What kind of edge? The sharp one. The metal one 
  • How many? 
    • Three little pigs lived in a house. 
    • How many pigs? Three pigs 
    • What kind of pigs? Little pigs 

 Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They answer the following questions: 

  • How? 
    • We walked quickly. 
    • How did we walk? Quickly 
  • When? 
    • We arrived later. 
    • When did we arrive? Later 
  • Where? 
    • We climbed up. 
    • Climbed where? Up 
  • To what degree? 
    • It is unusually hot. 
    • To what degree is it hot? Unusually 

 Using the guidelines above, you can tell whether a word is an adjective or adverb by what it modifies. 

  • It was a slow day. Slow modifies day, a noun. 
  • She was smart. Smart modifies she, a pronoun. 
  • They argued effectively. Effectively modifies argued, a verb. 
  • It was moderately expensive. Moderately modifies expensive, an adjective. 
  • We’ll leave very soon. Very modifies soon, an adverb.