Adjectives and Adverbs
Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. They answer the following questions:
- We found the blue book.
- Which book? The blue one
- What kind of?
- The sharp metal edge cut my skin.
- What kind of edge? The sharp one. The metal one
- How many?
- Three little pigs lived in a house.
- How many pigs? Three pigs
- What kind of pigs? Little pigs
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They answer the following questions:
- We walked quickly.
- How did we walk? Quickly
- We arrived later.
- When did we arrive? Later
- We climbed up.
- Climbed where? Up
- To what degree?
- It is unusually hot.
- To what degree is it hot? Unusually
Using the guidelines above, you can tell whether a word is an adjective or adverb by what it modifies.
- It was a slow day. Slow modifies day, a noun.
- She was smart. Smart modifies she, a pronoun.
- They argued effectively. Effectively modifies argued, a verb.
- It was moderately expensive. Moderately modifies expensive, an adjective.
- We’ll leave very soon. Very modifies soon, an adverb.