Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. They answer the following questions:
We found the blue book.
Which book? The blue one
- What kind of?
The sharp metal edge cut my skin.
What kind of edge? The sharp, metal one
- How many?
Three little pigs lived in a house.
How many pigs? Three pigs
What kind of pigs? Little pigs
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They answer the following questions:
We walked quickly.
How did we walk? Quickly
We arrived later.
When did we arrive? Later
We climbed up.
Climbed where? Up
- To what degree?
It is unusually hot.
To what degree is it hot? Unusually
Using the guidelines above, you can tell whether a word is an adjective or adverb by what it modifies.
|It was a slow day.||Slow modifies day, a noun.|
|She was smart.||Smart modifies she, a pronoun.|
|They argued effectively.||Effectively modifies argued, a verb.|
|It was moderately expensive.||Moderately modifies expensive, an adjective.|
|We’ll leave very soon.||Very modifies soon, an adverb.|