- Capitalize nationality, race, language, and religion when used as nouns or adjectives. (Spanish, French, Protestant, Jewish, etc.)
- Capitalize names of states, cities, bodies of water, places, streets, etc. (Pacific Ocean, Buffalo River, Springfield, Elephant Rock State Park, Preacher Roe Blvd.)
- Capitalize the specific names of historical events, historical periods, and documents. (Spanish-American War, the Renaissance, the Constitution)
- Capitalize the names of months, days, and holidays. (January, Monday, Easter)
- Capitalize professional titles when they are part of names. (Dr. Herman, Professor Albin, Judge Garrett)
Don’t capitalize professions (doctor, lawyer, judge, etc.).
- Capitalize family relationships when they are part of names. (Uncle Joe, Grandma Johnson, Aunt Elaine)
Don’t capitalize uncle, grandfather, aunt, etc. when they are not used with a specific name.
- Capitalize brand names. (Purina, Nestle, Campbell’s)
Do not capitalize the type of product (dog food, chocolate, soup).
- Capitalize names for sections of the country (the East, the South, the Northwest).
Do not capitalize directions (Go east on Jefferson Street and south on Broadway).
- Capitalize the specific names of academic courses. (Sociology 111, World Literature 210, History 300)
Don’t capitalize subjects unless they are languages.
- Capitalize titles of books, poems, plays, & films. (Capitalize the first word and everything else except articles, conjunctions, and prepositions).